How Freight Trains Connect the World

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  • Published: 05 March 2019
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    Animation by Josh Sherrington
    Sound by Graham Haerther (http://www.Haerther.net)
    Thumbnail by Simon Buckmaster

    Special thanks to Patreon supporters Alec M Watson, Andrew J Thom, Arkadiy Kulev, Chris Allen, Chris Barker, Connor J Smith, Daddy Donald, Etienne Dechamps, Eyal Matsliah, Hank Green, Harrison Wiener, James Hughes, James McIntosh, John & Becki Johnston, Keith Bopp, Kelly J Knight, Ken Lee, Kyle, KyQuan Phong, Manoj Kasyap Govindaraju, MyNameIsKir, Plinio Correa, Qui Le, Sheldon Zhao, Simen Nerleir, and Tim Robinson

    Music by http://epidemicsound.com
    Select footage courtesy the AP Archive
    Select footage courtesy Bigstock: http://bit.ly/bigstock-videofreetrial

    BNSF train clip courtesy Scott Hiddelston

    References
    [1] https://data.worldbank.org/indicator/NY.GDP.MKTP.CD?year_high_desc=true
    [2] https://geog.ucsb.edu/poles-of-inaccessibility/
    [3] https://business.un.org/en/entities/13
    [4] https://www.prb.org/rippleeffectspopulationandcoastalregions/
    [5] https://uic.org/IMG/pdf/synopsis_2014.pdf
    [6] https://www.bts.gov/content/average-freight-revenue-ton-mile
    [7] https://www.economist.com/briefing/2010/07/22/high-speed-railroading
    [8] https://www.bts.gov/content/average-freight-revenue-ton-mile
    [9] https://www.up.com/cs/groups/public/@uprr/@investor/documents/investordocuments/pdf_2017_r-1.pdf
    [10] http://www.bayrailalliance.org/why_trains
    [11] https://www.popularmechanics.com/technology/infrastructure/a5314/4345689/
    [12] http://www.nationalpost.com/long+trains/4348592/story.html
    [13] https://www.railwaygazette.com/analysis/single-news/view/whither-the-train-crew.html
    [14] http://bangordailynews.com/2013/07/17/news/penobscot/railroad-union-negotiating-with-montreal-maine-and-atlantic-says-one-man-train-crews-unsafe/
    [15] http://trn.trains.com/~/media/files/pdf/map-of-the-month/tm0504-bnsf-crew-districts.pdf
    [16] https://www.law.cornell.edu/cfr/text/49/appendix-A_to_part_228
    [17] https://www.eia.gov/energyexplained/index.php?page=coal_prices
    [18] http://www.bnsf.com/ship-with-bnsf/maps-and-shipping-locations/pdf/intermodal-map-large.pdf
    [19] https://www.economist.com/briefing/2010/07/22/high-speed-railroading
    [20] https://www.openrailwaymap.org
    [21] https://www.economist.com/briefing/2010/07/22/high-speed-railroading
    [22] https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2jIYyu1cNgI
    [23] https://www.joc.com/rail-intermodal/class-i-railroads/csx-transportation/csx-informs-shippers-additional-service-changes-september_20180815.html
    [24] https://www.up.com/cs/groups/public/@uprr/@customers/@announcements/@intermodal/documents/ms-nativedocuments/wcccon1032504.xlsx
    [25] https://www.nytimes.com/2018/07/28/us/politics/trump-truck-driver-shortage.html
    [26] https://www.progressiverailroading.com/federal_legislation_regulation/news/Rail-groups-ask-Congress-to-oppose-lifting-truck-weight-size-limits--56873
    [27] https://theloadstar.com/truck-driver-shortage-crisis-now-spreading-across-whole-europe/
    [28] https://www.railjournal.com/in_depth/sci-study-forecasts-upturn-in-global-rail-market
    [29] https://www.nap.edu/read/11977/chapter/7#82

Comments • 2 303

  • Tacit Dionysus
    Tacit Dionysus  6 days back

    So, where is the rest of the 'world'.

    • Duncan08
      Duncan08  7 days back

      Got really confused when he said Glasgow. Didnt know there was one in Montana.

      • Dylan Shramko
        Dylan Shramko  1 weeks back

        I think I'm at the wrong Wendover

        • Trains of Canada
          Trains of Canada  2 weeks back

          More train videos please ;)

          • SharkyCartel Railway
            SharkyCartel Railway  2 weeks back

            actualy 9000 horsepower is the strongest locomotive in america

            • The Q
              The Q  2 weeks back

              !!!!! 2:52 Most locomotives DO NOT have 6,000HP. The ones that do/did were not in service long. For various reasons. Most locomotives average from 4300-4500HP. Not upwards of 6,000. There were only three models of American diesel locomotives built that reached or exceeded 6,000hp none were built in large numbers at the rated horsepower, and only one remains in active service at that horsepower due to its historical significance since it is a twin engine unit built in the 1970s.

              In the 1990s there was a race set up by the large American railroads between the two major diesel-electric locomotive builders, Electromotive Diesel (EMD) and General Electric, to build a diesel locomotive that could meet or exceed 6,000HP using only one engine to reduce maintenance. Both companies had a very hard time meeting this goal due to mostly engine trouble and in the end very few of these were built. Although G.Es locomotives were used to set the worlds longest and heaviest train record.

              Many railroads like union pacific encountered reliability issues and also the problem that since most trains are pulled by more than one locomotive if one broke during transit the others could pick up the slack. But this does not work if you lose 6,000+hp going up a 3% grade.

              • Kj_mast_er
                Kj_mast_er  3 weeks back

                Quality Stuff, you need a prize or something

                • Ed Porter
                  Ed Porter  3 weeks back

                  Soon we will see giant batteries being hauled by freight trains.

                  • hedgehog3180
                    hedgehog3180  3 weeks back

                    I mean it would be pretty simple to fully automate freight trains, automated trains are already common in metros and high speed rail is highly automated. Not that there's really a need since it requires so few people already.

                    • zazugee
                      zazugee  3 weeks back

                      "trucks go anywhere" <-- nope, they also go where there are roads
                      unless you're talking about a totaly 4x4 offroad capable truck and not a semi-truck

                      • Karla Hernández
                        Karla Hernández  3 weeks back

                        I'm a logistics teacher, and this video is just awesome. Thanks so much for the illustration.

                        • Rex Appleby
                          Rex Appleby  3 weeks back

                          It's amazing how cheap and fuel efficient they are.

                          • Timmy Failure
                            Timmy Failure  3 weeks back

                            I live right by a chicago trainyard!

                            • Stranger Happened
                              Stranger Happened  3 weeks back

                              *1. The largest economies are only compared by PPP GDP,* not by nominal one, which is useless.
                              2. It was strange to hear that the USA is a good example of how railway/freight systems work considering the fact that it is the most atypical among any and all countries of noticeable size.

                              • iamthinking2202 _
                                iamthinking2202 _  3 weeks back

                                7:15 played that ticket to ride corridor well

                                • wantaferrari
                                  wantaferrari  3 weeks back

                                  "How freight trains connect the US"

                                  • J J
                                    J J  4 weeks back

                                    tbh I think focusing on the US in this video is sensible. For example, things are different in Europe. With the exception of things like Amazon (which have the same issues in the US), we have a lot more demand for high speed cargo, and given that our cities are much, much closer together - time lost changing modes is easily overtaken by trucks. There is also a capacity issue as our rails are already at maximum capacity for passenger trains - and given that the cargo has to be loaded onto trucks ANYWAY, there's really not much point in sending cargo by train unless it is - as you say - low value bulk (for example coal). Additionally, cargo such as coal can be loaded directly at the mine, and unloaded directly at the customer (for example power stations), so there's efficiency gains there. Our trucking industry is also a lot more efficient than the US, in both fuel efficiency, time, and labour costs.

                                    • Ganesh Mantri
                                      Ganesh Mantri  4 weeks back

                                      Video header: world
                                      Actual video : USA USA USA

                                      • Silentatroman
                                        Silentatroman  4 weeks back

                                        It’s not a shortage of drivers, it’s the lack of good jobs for the drivers

                                        • N George
                                          N George  4 weeks back

                                          I love trains

                                          • Nitish Bharadwaj
                                            Nitish Bharadwaj  4 weeks back

                                            The title should have been:
                                            How freight train connect the US

                                          • Graham Crichton
                                            Graham Crichton  4 weeks back

                                            Only 4 of the 12 largest economies are in Europe. Hilarious.

                                            • Rips
                                              Rips  4 weeks back

                                              I wish he talked about Canada more

                                              • Cornelius Dr Vanderbilt
                                                Cornelius Dr Vanderbilt  1 months back

                                                The best is to Walk, then
                                                The best is Bicycle, then
                                                The best is Motorized Bicycle, then
                                                The best is Motor Car ...Plane, Shuttle...
                                                For freight: Railways are ... Lorries / Trucks cannot carry large amount of cargo ...
                                                Marine Transportation for very large amount cargo appears cheaper but loses out on time to Railways ...
                                                Efficient and Economic Transportation of Goods is a combination of all ...

                                                • AviaNokke
                                                  AviaNokke  1 months back

                                                  European: Starts a passenger railroad compan in USA.
                                                  USA: ok
                                                  European: Suggest electric trains.
                                                  USA: We don't do that here.
                                                  European: ok.
                                                  USA: We need diesel for our long trains, they are suuuuuper long
                                                  Canada: Am I a joke to you?
                                                  USA: Dead mem-
                                                  Canada: You are a meme and old.
                                                  USA: SANCTIONS!
                                                  Canada: ok, we need to build a wall.
                                                  USA: Really? We are closed off to Canada and Mexico now.
                                                  European: Lets start a new company in Canada.

                                                  • TheAVgeekTeam
                                                    TheAVgeekTeam  1 months back

                                                    Gracias Moyano por darle empleo a lxs camionerxs ✌🏻✌🏻🇦🇷

                                                    • 58metzger
                                                      58metzger  1 months back

                                                      Thank you for using metric system

                                                      • Henry Windsor
                                                        Henry Windsor  1 months back

                                                        Now do one on trucks!

                                                        • StandardDifferent aka. samsausage

                                                          In Europe DB operaites cargo primarily in lot's of european contury such as the UK.

                                                          • Jason jamrs
                                                            Jason jamrs  1 months back

                                                            I love trains

                                                            • William Harp
                                                              William Harp  1 months back

                                                              i used to deliver loads to the Memphis rail yard and it was a mad house.

                                                              • ARailway
                                                                ARailway  1 months back

                                                                Thanks for this video.

                                                                • Amen Brother
                                                                  Amen Brother  1 months back

                                                                  Canada would not function without rail or tractor trailer

                                                                  • phillyslasher
                                                                    phillyslasher  1 months back

                                                                    Wait a fucking minute. Didn't you make a video about why "American trains suck"? lol then you go and do THIS video? America doesn't suck at trains, I'm pretty sure one loaded boxcar on a US freight train is carrying more goods than all of Europe moved by rail in the last 40 years combined :p Problem is, European fanboys are so fixated on SPEED that they don't even realize they are missing out on the true economic worth of a rail system.

                                                                    • xwingsarecool yt
                                                                      xwingsarecool yt  1 months back

                                                                      I live in New York, where there is a major CSX and Amtrak yard, a lot of commuter rail services, and subways everywhere, yet the only trains I see most of the time are subways and the occasional freight train by the crossing near my school

                                                                      • Kyle Comadoll
                                                                        Kyle Comadoll  1 months back

                                                                        Look at 7:30 there's a old southern pacific auto rack. I know I'm a bit late.

                                                                        • Timwi Heizmann
                                                                          Timwi Heizmann  1 months back

                                                                          You said that it might take an hour to walk the entire length of some of those superlong trains, and you mentioned that they’re sometimes staffed by only one person (the driver). That raises the question what happens if a problem occurs near the end of the train that forces the train to stop. Will the driver walk the entire distance to inspect the problem, and then potentially walk back to the locomotive if they managed to fix it on their own? Or do they just stop, call for help and then wait?

                                                                          • Trish Littlejohn
                                                                            Trish Littlejohn  1 months back

                                                                            where I live the trains take abt. ten seconds to pass but the gates close about a gazillion minutes before the train arrives

                                                                            • Oliver McGee
                                                                              Oliver McGee  1 months back

                                                                              You said Chicago is as Far East CSX but Chicago is as far west as CSX can go

                                                                              • Sven Långström
                                                                                Sven Långström  1 months back

                                                                                In Sweden where I live, 80% of all the tracks is electrified so the "1 gallon per ton of freight" fuel consumption is a lot less since our energy grid is based on mostly hydropower and nuclear energy
                                                                                Edit: But since it's electrified then you're not able to stack containers on top of each other

                                                                                • zazugee
                                                                                  zazugee  3 weeks back

                                                                                  according to the video, most tracks are private owned by freight companies in the US
                                                                                  they appear to be single line cheap tracks, because they transport low value freight
                                                                                  radicaly different from smaller countries that focus on high value passengers cars
                                                                                  they build more expensive double and express electrified lanes

                                                                                • zazugee
                                                                                  zazugee  3 weeks back

                                                                                  high speed lines need lower aspect ratio cabins
                                                                                  stacking is fine for freight because lower speed helps in reducing costs
                                                                                  but not so for passengers

                                                                                • Sven Långström
                                                                                  Sven Långström  3 weeks back

                                                                                  @Krishna Mohan Sharma yeah we also have dubble decker passenger trains but they are only just tall enough to fit between the train and the cable. So at the moment, you only have room for one container

                                                                                • Krishna Mohan Sharma
                                                                                  Krishna Mohan Sharma  3 weeks back

                                                                                  In India you can stack a container on a container even in electrified routes. Passenger trains dont operate in those routes. moreover India also has double decker trains.

                                                                              • Riley Mannion
                                                                                Riley Mannion  2 months back

                                                                                That's the one shitty thing about Canada getting stuck behind a 4km long train that's doing 10km/ hour though the city😂

                                                                                • Ishan Dey
                                                                                  Ishan Dey  2 months back

                                                                                  'How Freight Trains Connect the World'. More like 'How Freight Trains Connect USA'

                                                                                  • Trevor Bayless
                                                                                    Trevor Bayless  2 months back

                                                                                    Trains are more superior and will always be more superior

                                                                                    • Nice Try NSA
                                                                                      Nice Try NSA  2 months back

                                                                                      Train: moves 0.001 mph
                                                                                      India: super duper fast extreme high speed train

                                                                                      • cartman4885
                                                                                        cartman4885  2 months back

                                                                                        Nice video except for the fact that their is no driver shortage in the US because if there was we would make more and get more hours................

                                                                                        • devin dodson
                                                                                          devin dodson  2 months back

                                                                                          Locomotives cabs have bathrooms too and a fridge that works more like a cooler & there is freight engines that have 6,000 hp but typically you won’t see those on the rails (due to low numbers made of the models and it’s just unnecessary cause the ones with 6,000 hp are damn near the same length as two regular 4,500 hp motors together which means more maintenance and more cost over all and the more fright you have you can just put regular 4,500 hp motors together) most (damn near all) engines you see pulling the train have 4,500 hp

                                                                                          • Union Pacific Railroad Railfanning

                                                                                            1:46 Why id you blue the Railroad Logo we all know what it is its BNSF Railway

                                                                                            • Ryan Smith
                                                                                              Ryan Smith  2 months back

                                                                                              I see Union Pacific trains all the time coming through Marion, Oh. We get over 70 trains a day coming through town with 2 sets of "double diamonds"