Why Cities Are Where They Are

  • Published: 03 January 2017
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    Resource icons by Callum Taylor from the Noun Project
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    Select maps provided by Google Maps & Google Earth

Comments • 5 166

  • SketchyHacker -_-
    SketchyHacker -_-  13 hours back

    xd i live in that part of connecticut anyonee else?

    • Nick
      Nick  1 days back

      Bangladesh is going to be disproportionately wrecked by climate change though

      • Mountain Mamma
        Mountain Mamma  1 days back

        okay cities are cool and all but Epstein didn't kill himself

        • Saadman Yasar
          Saadman Yasar  2 days back

          As a resident of Dhaka, i must say this video gave me one of the most shocking insights.

          • Everyday Life
            Everyday Life  3 days back

            10:34 - first reason why Brazil isn't developed as I would like it to be.

            11:48 - the second reason why Brazil isn't developed yet...

            And what do Brazilians think when they talk about why Brazil isn't developed? They think it's because Portugueses colonized us instead of England or even Holland (they tried, but our Portuguese great warriors expelled them from Brazil north regions). And I also always had this feeling that we hadn't the lucky to be colonized by England as Australia and USA.

            But now my mind is expanding and I might find some other reasons to why Brazil isn't developed as I would like it to be like our Brazilian little way (jeitinho brasileiro, the culture of always try to find a way to do what was forbidden by authorities or anyone else), our politicians, our lack of sense in order to interpret correctly what is currently happening in our politics and economics... So there goes a lot of reasons to enumerate and try to figure out a solution if there would be one.

            • AnticGoldfish
              AnticGoldfish  3 days back

              I live in Cumberland valley!

              • Albino of the sun LongBoof

                There are a few comments I want to address About Australia vs America.
                I'm seeing a lot a comments from people who don't quite understand that the modern world has many advantages like he said in the past 5km was a sphere of influence for a town but we have cars, trains and planes now and for a new country like Australia it is arguable in the best position in the world. Seeing a lot of comments from Americans like ow but your poor compered to us, or your geography sucks, or population is to small but that's only looking at it at face value.

                Americas first settlement 1607 its population in 1800 5.3million that's 193 year.
                Australia's first settlement 1788 its population in 1901 almost 4million that's 113 years.
                Americas population in 1850 was about 23million so 243 years, Australia 2019 almost 26million 231 years.
                So 181 years in front yet population growth has bean about the same or a little better for Australia but probably dude to better technology being a younger nation in a more modern setting.
                Modern America almost 330million modern Australia almost 26million the population argument would be like saying why you so small compered to china and India you are 4 to 5 times smaller then them.

                If Australia had a population the sizes of the USA its GDP would be just less, the same or quite a lot higher then the USA there are a lot of things to take in to consideration like how effective a government is and that's extremally hard to evaluate in the future.

                Geography Australia has about 10 deserts they make up 18% to 20% of the land mass According to Australia but due to the huge difference of Australian deserts they are not what you expect but technically its 35%, due to rain fall is still only 250mm to 500mm of rain or less most of that is a wooded desert or grasslands so not the hell hole people think as we receive more rain fall then international standards place on deserts why Australia uses 3 criteria's to define it or 70% of the nation would be considered a desert by international standards at this time.
                But on average that 70% gets 250mm to 500mm of rain fall a year but its not consistent or even a time of year that rain comes thru its random some years they can get none others they can flood and the real deserts that 18 to 20% can become grasslands for a shot time or even a year or so.
                The USA has 3 deserts that are about half or a little less the size of Australia's 10 but as I said ow deserts are not all the same so by American standards we have a desert over four times bigger.

                Australia's position is its greatest strength its an island nation or continent or even both its next to Asia and yet almost completely isolated Many Australia's and other nations like to point out the mining boom is over due to china not needing as much resources yet at the height of the boom over the last 20 years only half as many people were in the Australian mining sector as there is now yet the mining boom is over apparently.
                China still need lots of recourses but India is going thru what china did and who is right hear to profit from it yes Australia but wait there more Japan who has bean number 2 after china over the last 30 years and longer, the Philippines and Indonesia are up and coming also due to Australia's location this is huge and extremely cost efficient, due to Australia being and Island/continent trade by sea is 10 to 30 times cheaper then by land.

                We also have a lot of flat land and are extremely diverse but at the moment most of the population is in the east but this may change over the next 100 years as the western side is in a better position and all ready accounts for 46% of Australia's exports and in the mining boom over 60% of Australia's exports was from the West and its population is just under 3million at the moment with the second biggest divide within any nation and huge diversity of resources some if not most of the highest quality of those resources in the world.
                Not to mention that a lot of Australia's mining is generally easy to access and located in the West or near it making it a lot more cost efficient it also has some of the biggest proven resource and the biggest diversity within that and probably the biggest undiscovered resources out side of Antarctica and Africa also probably still the easiest to get to but Africa is not one nation and Antarctica is extremely costly to mine at this time making it unprofitable.

                Australia at the moment can feed 81million people but is only using 35 to 46% of farmland available to it Australian farmers feed 600 people per farmer.
                America at the moment can feed 496million it uses 88% to 92% of its farm land American farmer can feed 155 people per famer.

                Australia is not nor does it want to be a super power but over the next 100 to 200 years it will be one of the strongest nations like it all ready is and maybe a super power in the future but America would be very silly to try to stop this and sort sighted now we are not the same but we are we have very similar history's as in we are both EX British colonies we both have a lot in common compered to other nations making it easier to have similar interests, but we don't all was have the same over sea goals but with at lest similar to the same values this makes us more likely to stick together in the future this also includes Canada, UK/ and Ireland, New Zealand and to lesser existent south Africa and India.
                Now one may argue there are no permanent friends when it comes to nations but this modern world allows us to communicate better then ever almost instantly changing the way world politics work especially in western nations were to day you meet people from all over the world making it hard for a government to change its populations opinions on others.

                India and china have the best locations in terms of food for population growth but if you don't have friends it doesn't matter how big you are a coalition is stronger then a single Nation most of the time.
                Canada is in a similar position in terms of resources like Australia and small population but its also very expensive to mine dude to a lot of mountains making its growth a lot slower in the future compered to Australia and its position next to the USA is great but also a problem it also more like the Nordic country's dude to its geography but its big.
                Both America and Canada have huge amounts of resources like Australia But not as diverse.
                Australia is often over looked But it is and will be a power house it has every thing it needs to be in the top 10 in fact it makes it in there all ready in many category's punching way above its weight and could even be number 1 in almost every field one day but only the future will tell and at this time Australia likes and wants to stay the lucky country.

                • Shah Minhaz
                  Shah Minhaz  4 days back

                  Yet Dhaka is now 2nd worst city to live in the entire world. It breaks my heart to see how our country have literally thrown off such an amazing gift of geography.

                  • Anne* 411
                    Anne* 411  4 days back

                    Welp time to ban Starbucks and Apple

                    • Petulant Victor
                      Petulant Victor  7 days back

                      13:29 *angry welsh noises*

                      • El Jonny101
                        El Jonny101  1 weeks back

                        Mexico city is not a few dozen miles from the ocean.

                        • Nytrex _YT
                          Nytrex _YT  2 weeks back

                          Next vid: why we are where we are

                          • BennyB5555
                            BennyB5555  2 weeks back

                            I like these videos.

                            • Commenter Person
                              Commenter Person  2 weeks back

                              9:18 what city is this?

                              • Black Tim
                                Black Tim  2 weeks back

                                i just come back to this video every so often and think about how when he was talking about small towns in the US he chose to talk about my town with 800 people.

                                • Rytis Kurcinskas
                                  Rytis Kurcinskas  2 weeks back

                                  right because Australia has similar climate the economy and life standards are high ... such BS its because Europeans and Caucasians in general are more smart people

                                  • Henry Gawne
                                    Henry Gawne  2 weeks back

                                    this guys got a really boring voice

                                    • Ethan Nicolls
                                      Ethan Nicolls  3 weeks back

                                      Humanity: *Restarts*

                                      Bangladeshians: _This is where the fun begins_

                                      • Rabby Babu
                                        Rabby Babu  6 days back

                                        Africans: "Alright, imma head out"

                                      • No Namesleft
                                        No Namesleft  2 weeks back


                                    • Joseph Youll
                                      Joseph Youll  3 weeks back

                                      Dhaka??? You mean, the place that gets destroyed in floods every year?

                                      • ZoME
                                        ZoME  2 weeks back

                                        Dhaka doesn't get destroyed by floods It does have small floods but they don't affect stuff much. Bengal used to control 12.5% of the world's GDP before British colonisation. With Dhaka/Jahangirnagar as it's capital. (basically twice rich as California today)

                                    • Jo Bishop
                                      Jo Bishop  3 weeks back

                                      You put England and Wales together at the end of the video. They are separate countries. I'm Welsh, and find that very insulting!

                                      • American Made
                                        American Made  3 weeks back

                                        This video is studded with oversimplifications, as if the author had Geography 101 three days a week and only stayed awake during the Wednesday and Friday classes. He overstates the similarity of climate at similar latitudes; I'd love to hear him try to explain to a Breton farmer that his climate is similar to Manchuria. The idea of “averaging out:” every person's location is student lounge nonsense, and he falls on his face when he says “History has affected geography enough that…” (geography affects history, not the other way around). The suggestion that Bangladesh, or any single place is the origin of civilization is absurd.

                                        • Jose Villamil
                                          Jose Villamil  3 weeks back

                                          7:30 La Paz <3

                                          • Mert
                                            Mert  3 weeks back

                                            That wide theory is pretty dumb. The Africans and Native Americans simply suck at making successful civilizations

                                            • WinterHell
                                              WinterHell  3 weeks back

                                              Mostly excellent video but then it started reaching regarding horizontal expansion & climatic similarities. It sounds sorta halfway plausible but not fully convincing. China’s geographic development was more north-south than east-west. Significant climate difference between north & south. Its westward expansion cut off by deserts, Tarim basin, Tibetan plateau etc. The civilizations of the Fertile Crescent were regional by today’s standards and was bounded on the West by Mediterranean Sea, mountains to the north & east, and the Arabian desert to the south. The Persian empire crossed mountains. The mongol empire crossed steppe, desert, mountains. I do agree that British colonies of South Africa Australia and New Zealand benefited from climatic similarities - temperate zones suitable for European crops & livestock, but they didn’t require huge horizontal (latitudinal) tracks of land. Also, Africa is much larger than a standard projection map implies and by your logic, we should have had a continent-wide empire along a climatically similar stretch of land with lots of big cities.

                                              • Eugene the Philostopher

                                                Not around the Sun, but around its own axis. That's what determines where more insolation is - the positions of the poles and the equator and everything in between.

                                                • 420 jrzl 906
                                                  420 jrzl 906  4 weeks back

                                                  Here in Michigan's Upper Peninsula, nearly every town large enough to be called a city is on Lake Superior in the north or Lake Michigan in the south. There are small towns about every 10 to 15 miles between, a lot of which are sparsely populated now, but it makes sense.

                                                  • kyle spejewski
                                                    kyle spejewski  4 weeks back

                                                    im from indianapolis, indiana. its a circle

                                                    • AMIT JODHA
                                                      AMIT JODHA  4 weeks back

                                                      I use all your videos as ideas while civilization 6, which seems to be working out.

                                                      • Wajahat Shah
                                                        Wajahat Shah  4 weeks back

                                                        what a effects

                                                        • Anonymous bub
                                                          Anonymous bub  4 weeks back

                                                          I go to Carlisle.

                                                          • Legless_G
                                                            Legless_G  4 weeks back

                                                            9:47 there's actually 4 cities in Australia with a population of 2 million or more (Brisbane and Perth were left off).

                                                            • Axonteer
                                                              Axonteer  4 weeks back

                                                              Starbucks is here so expensive, (way more expensive than a coffee in a restaurant) that someone that buys daily for a year a coffee in SB could afford a quality automated coffee machine (400-500 price range) in just about 10-12 weeks and from that point on it just is cheaper to buy a thermo mug and take a coffee with you (if that is your thing to have a coffee to drink on the morning commute).

                                                              • Mistaken Rants
                                                                Mistaken Rants  1 months back

                                                                5:41 this argument doesnt work. I mean, you are absolutely correct about cities preferring to be near the ocean but "within 100 miles of the sea" covers most of europe, so its not remarkable that 60% of the largest cities are within 100 miles of the coast, even if it was randomly distributed or homogeneously.

                                                                • AlissonSv2
                                                                  AlissonSv2  1 months back

                                                                  so the octagonal distrution would only work in a riverless, communist kansas!

                                                                  (all letters must be equal on a communist comment - capital is evil)

                                                                  • Joel John J
                                                                    Joel John J  1 months back

                                                                    Good Work 😀😁😀

                                                                    • Charles Jannuzi
                                                                      Charles Jannuzi  1 months back

                                                                      I think only New Yorkers would walk to buy a computer.

                                                                      • Ishan Dey
                                                                        Ishan Dey  1 months back

                                                                        13:29 *Welsh get triggered*

                                                                        • redparth
                                                                          redparth  1 months back

                                                                          Bangladesh is one the worst places to live in the area.
                                                                          They actually jump the border to live in india, which is saying a lot about Bangladesh.
                                                                          But that's mostly because of their government and economy than the geographic location.

                                                                          • Shikhar Amar
                                                                            Shikhar Amar  1 months back

                                                                            Well historically 50% of GDP of the Mughal empire came from that region!

                                                                            • Ishtiaq Mithun
                                                                              Ishtiaq Mithun  1 months back

                                                                              I am from Dhaka, Bangladesh.

                                                                              • Ogponline battlefield 1 Yes im better

                                                                                Burg burg burg burg fcking PA. Whats the deal with all these burg towns???

                                                                                • NickTimesTwo
                                                                                  NickTimesTwo  1 months back

                                                                                  I could've skipped a year of AP Human Geography just by watching this 15 minute video

                                                                                  • Pavel M.U.M.
                                                                                    Pavel M.U.M.  1 months back

                                                                                    i I love wendover production!

                                                                                    • Zay Bd
                                                                                      Zay Bd  1 months back

                                                                                      but why would our mega city need to be near water if it is the only one?

                                                                                      • ilyas Odissan
                                                                                        ilyas Odissan  1 months back

                                                                                        life death life death life death life death life death life death life death life death life death life death

                                                                                        • Best Songs
                                                                                          Best Songs  1 months back

                                                                                          This video and the Comments has literally every single place my relatives and I have lived in in the North East, how is this possible

                                                                                          • XeTrOnIx 109
                                                                                            XeTrOnIx 109  1 months back

                                                                                            im from kosovo ferizaj my familys house was the first here over 70 years old

                                                                                            • Leonhard Pauli
                                                                                              Leonhard Pauli  1 months back

                                                                                              Austrian empire was also huge🤔